BOETHUSIANS, a religious and political sect which existed during the century preceding the destruction of the Second Temple. According to rabbinic tradition the Boethusians and the Sadducees were named after two disciples of antigonus of sokho , Zadok and Boethus. They misinterpreted the maxim of their teacher, "Be not like servants who serve their master in order to receive a reward" as meaning that there was no reward for good works, and thus they denied the doctrine of resurrection and the world to come. They thereupon established the two sects named after them (ARN1 13b). Modern scholars however consider this account to be legendary and they ascribe the origin of the Boethusians to the high priest Simeon b. Boethus who was appointed high priest by Herod the Great in 24 B.C.E. (Jos., Ant., 15:320), in succession to Joshua b. Phabi, in order to afford him a suitable status, as he desired to marry Herod's daughter, Mariamne II. Although in their theological views they closely resembled the Sadducees, some scholars regard them merely as a branch of them (see sadducees ), and are always mentioned together with them, they did not share their aristocratic background, and whereas the Sadducees supported the Hasmonean dynasty, the Boethusians were loyal to the Herodians. It is they who are apparently referred to in the New Testament as Herodians (Mark 3:16; 12:13). The Boethusians were regarded by the Talmud as cynical and materialistic priests. They hired false witnesses to delude the Pharisees about the new moon (RH 22b; TJ, RH 57d; Tosef., RH 1:15). They maintained that the Omer (Men. 10:3) was to be offered on the first Sunday after Passover, and not on the morrow of the first day and, as   a result, differed as to the date of Shavuot which according to them must always fall on a Sunday (Ḥog. 24). They held special views on the preparation of incense on the Day of Atonement (TJ, Yoma 1:39a; Tosef., Yoma 1:8). In terms of the Sabbath ritual, they were not even considered as Jews (Eruv. 68b). The high priestly "House of Boethus" is criticized in the Talmud for its oppression, "Woe is me because of the House of Boethus, woe is me because of their staves" (with which they beat the people – Pes. 57a; cf. Tosef., Men. 13:21). Other Boethusian high priests included Joezer and Eleazar b. Boethus (Jos., Ant., 17:164, 339), Simeon Cantheras (ibid., 19:297), Elionaeus b. Cantheras (ibid., 19:342), and joshua b. gamala . -BIBLIOGRAPHY: L. Finkelstein, Pharisees, 2 (19503), 762–79; Klausner, Bayit Sheni, 4 (19502), 43; Schuerer, Gesch, 2 (19074), 478 n. 16.

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Игры ⚽ Поможем написать курсовую

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Boethusians — The Boethusians were a Jewish sect closely related to, if not a development of, the Sadducees. Origin of nameThe origin of this schism is recounted as follows by the Midrash: Antigonus of Soko having taught the maxim, Be not like the servants who …   Wikipedia

  • Boethusian — ▪ Judaism       member of a Jewish sect that flourished for a century or so before the destruction of Jerusalem in AD 70. Their subsequent history is obscure, as is also the identity of Boethus, their founder. Because of evident similarities,… …   Universalium

  • SADDUCEES — (Heb. צְדוּקִים, Ẓedukim), sect of the latter half of the Second Temple period, formed about 200 B.C.E. Active in political and economic life, the Sadducean party was composed largely of the wealthier elements of the population – priests,… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Jewish philosophy — Jewish theology redirects here. Philosophy and Kabbalah are two common approaches to Jewish theology Part of a series on …   Wikipedia

  • Sadducees — The Sadducees were members of a Jewish sect founded in the second century BC, possibly as a political party. They ceased to exist sometime after the first century AD.EtymologyThe Hebrew name, Tsdoki, indicates their claim that they are the… …   Wikipedia

  • Shavuot — Ruth in Boaz s Field Official name Hebrew: שבועות or חג שבעות‎ (Ḥag HaShavuot or Shavuot) …   Wikipedia

  • Herodians — The Herodians were a sect or party mentioned in the New Testament as having on two occasions once in Galilee, and again in Jerusalem manifested an unfriendly disposition towards Jesus (; cf. also ).In each of these cases their name is coupled… …   Wikipedia

  • Jerusalem (Mendelssohn) — Title page of the first edition (Berlin: Friedrich Maurer, 1783) …   Wikipedia

  • Judaism — /jooh dee iz euhm, day , deuh /, n. 1. the monotheistic religion of the Jews, having its ethical, ceremonial, and legal foundation in the precepts of the Old Testament and in the teachings and commentaries of the rabbis as found chiefly in the… …   Universalium

  • Jerusalem during the Second Temple Period — The Temple Mount …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”